Cash Conversion Cycle – Overview, Example, Formula

The Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC) is the process through which a company converts its cash balance into usable currency.

The cash conversion cycle (CCC) is the number of days it takes for a business to turn its inventory and other resource investments into cash flows from sales.

Cash Conversion Cycle – Overview and Formula

The Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC), sometimes known as the net operating cycle or simply cash cycle, is a metric developed to assess how long a net input dollar remains encumbered in a business before being converted into cash received.

Cash Conversion Cycle - Overview, Example, Formula

This statistic considers not only the amount of time it takes to sell goods but also the time it takes to collect receivables and the time it takes to pay invoices.

The CCC is only one quantitative metric among several that may be used to assess the efficacy of a business’s operations and management.

CCC readings that have been decreasing or stable across various time periods are encouraging, whereas CCC values that are increasing should prompt more study and analysis.

Keep in mind that CCC is only relevant to industries whose operations are heavily reliant on inventory management.


  • The cash conversion cycle (CCC) is the number of days it takes for a business to turn its inventory and other resource investments into cash flows from sales.
  • This indicator factors in the time it takes to sell products, collect receivables, and pay payments without incurring late fees.
  • Industry-specific business processes will determine the specifics of CCC.

Methods for Estimating the Cash Conversion Cycle

There are three major phases in a company’s cash conversion cycle. You’ll need a few different numbers from the books in order to arrive to CCC.

  • The income statement’s revenue and cost of goods sold (COGS)
  • Checking stock at the start and finish of the time frame
  • AR balances at the start and finish of the given time frame
  • Receivables Payables (AP) at the Beginning and End of the Time Period
  • duration of the time in days (e.g., a year has 365 days, a quarter has 90 days).

The first phase considers the current stock and estimates the amount of time it will take to sell it all. Days-in-stock-outstanding is the metric used to arrive at this value (DIO).

DIO values below 1.0 are desirable since they suggest brisk sales activity, which is good for a company’s bottom line.

Cost of goods sold (COGS) is used to determine DIO, also known as DSI (days sales of inventory), which measures how quickly a business can turn over its inventory in order to make a profit.

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Considerable Insights on Cash Flow and Its Conversion Cycle

The most direct route to increased profits for any company is to increase inventory sales. So what can be done to increase sales? If money comes in reliably at set periods, one may produce additional goods and sell them for a profit.

If a business chooses to use credit to buy supplies, it will have to keep track of the resulting “a (AP).

Accounts receivable originate from a company’s ability to sell things on credit (AR). Unless the firm settles its payables and receives its receivables, cash flow is irrelevant.

So, timing is crucial in the realm of financial management.

CCC follows money from the time it is first utilized in a firm until it is finally spent. It starts with cash in hand and tracks its progression via purchases and payments, then through the production of a product or service, into sales and collections, and finally back into cash on hand.

CCC is a measure of a company’s ability to transform its initial investment into a final profit (returns). The CCC should be as low as possible.

The success of a company relies on three factors: inventory management, sales realization, and payables.

The company will suffer if inventory is mismanaged, sales are hampered, or payables increase in quantity, value, or frequency.

CCC takes into consideration the time invested in these procedures as well as the monetary value to provide a fuller picture of the company’s operational efficiency.

The CCC value, in conjunction with other financial metrics, provides insight into a company’s financial health in terms of cash management by revealing.

How well its management is using its short-term assets and liabilities to create and redeploy cash. This number is also useful for gauging the operational liquidity risk of a business.

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